Alaska Tribal Justice Resource Center

Providing Training and Technical Assistance to Alaska Tribal Justice Systems

Resources

The page contains publications, resources, and other materials to support development and enhancement of tribal justice systems. 

Publications & Articles

2018 Alaska Tribal Court Directory

Prepared by Alaska Legal Services Corporation

This updated directory includes information from 102 Alaska Tribes, which was gathered through a new survey issued in partnership with the Alaska Network on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault (ANDVSA). Changes and additions have been made where Tribes provided updated contact information and data about the types of cases their tribal courts handle.

NILL and NARF

The National Indian Law Library (NILL)

The National Indian Law Library (NILL) is a law library devoted to American Indian law. It serves both the Native American Rights Fund (NARF) and the public. NILL serves the public by developing and making accessible a unique and valuable collection of Indian law resources and by providing direct research assistance and delivery of information.

Tribal Codes

Supporting Alaska Tribes

Alaska Tribal Court Codes

INTRODUCTION - Alaska Tribes:  A project of Alaska Legal Services Corporation

Tribal Court codes are important for the function of the tribal court. The codes can provide details for tribal government structures and procedures, outline the laws that the tribal government will enforce, regulate activities in the village, provide for a smooth flow of government and continuity between administrations, and will promote respect from other governments and institutions. Perhaps most importantly, tribal court codes can protect the Native cultural activities and traditions specific to the Tribe. Though developing a written code may seem like a daunting task, there are helpful resources available.

Tribal Constitutions & Codes

Alaska Tribal Court Codes: A project of Alaska Legal Services Corporation

To help understand what an Alcohol Control Code might look like, view this: 

CAUTION:  This model code is JUST a model. It is meant to outline some relevant parts of a tribal alcohol control law. Passing a good code should involve looking at different types of models, public discussion about what is needed in the village, and rules that meet the special needs of the village.

Click below to view Sample Alcohol Control Code & Search Warrant

Family Code Drafting Presentation Slides

Tribal DV Code Development: A project of Alaska Legal Services Corporation

2018 ALSC presentation sharing useful steps in drafting a Family Code for AK Tribal Courts.

Video:  Presented by David Panepinto – Alaska Legal Services, Staff Attorney

Federal Acts

The Indian Civil Rights Act of 1968 (ICRA)

Full text and definitions

The Indian Civil Rights Act of 1968 (ICRA) (see Federal Laws ), 25 U.S.C.§§ 1301-1304 (ICRA), provides as follows: § 1301. Definitions: For purposes of this subchapter, the term ” Indian tribe ” means any tribe, band, or other group of Indians subject to the jurisdiction of the United States and recognized as possessing powers of self-government.

Tribal Law and Order Act

What is the Tribal Law and Order Act?

The Tribal Law and Order Act (P.L. 111-211) (codified in scattered sections of 25 U.S.C, and 18 U.S.C, TLOA) is a comprehensive statute focused on all aspects of investigating and prosecuting crime in Indian country with a primary purpose of reducing crime in Indian country and increasing public safety. The statute attempts to systematically address a wide variety of problems from data collection to housing prisoners.

Congress passed the TLOA in 2010 and it became law on July 29, 2010. Reports such as Amnesty International’s Maze of Injustice: the Failure to Protect Indigenous Women from Sexual Violence in the USA ignited public interest in the high rates of violence in Indian country and motivated systemic changes. Additionally, the TLOA Senate Report of 2009, indicated that police presence was lacking in Indian Country and tribal court’s limited sentencing power both greatly contributed to the proliferation of crime in Indian Country. 

ICWA Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978

United States Code Title 25 - Indians Chapter 21 - Indian Child Welfare

 Congressional declaration of policy:  The Congress hereby declares that it is the policy of this Nation to protect the best interests of Indian children and to promote the stability and security of Indian tribes and families by the establishment of minimum Federal standards for the removal of Indian children from their families and the placement of such children in foster or adoptive homes which will reflect the unique values of Indian culture, and by providing for assistance to Indian
tribes in the operation of child and family service programs.

Violence Against Women Act (VAWA)

Tribal Court Clearinghouse

INTRODUCTION:  The Violence Against Women Act (VAWA), originally passed in 1994, is a collection of funding programs, initiatives, and actions designed to improve criminal justice and community-based responses to violence against women, including sexual violence, in the United States. This page discusses the extent to which VAWA pertains to American Indians, including specifically tribal courts.

229 Federally Recognized Tribes

Alaska Tribal Listing

In alphabetical order by city name, visit 229 of the Federally recognized tribes in Alaska.  

Tribal Court Clearing

Full listing of Federal Laws

This page contains general background information on how federal laws are codified, with highlights and commentaries on specific chapters of the United States Code which contains federal laws effecting Indian Nations.

Multimedia

Films

Animal Songs

Chief Peter John, Traditional Chief of Interior Alaska

Chief Peter John, Traditional Chief of Interior Alaska, sang and discussed these ancient Animal Songs of the Athabascan people at his log home in the Village of Minto during a snow storm on November 9, 1993. He was 94 years old at the time, singing songs that are maybe 5 or 6 hundred years old. He requested that these teachings of the traditional law be recorded for his people and for all others who might benefit from hearing them. Chief John was an eloquent, spiritual man who lived the traditional Athabascan lifestyle in Alaska’s Interior for 102 years.

Tribal Court Clerks

The Backbone of Tribal Justice Systems

This 35-minute training film covers tribal court development from the perspective of the tribal court clerk. It has a wealth of practical information for the roles and duties of clerks. Viewer audiences include clerks, judges, tribal staff, and those who interface with tribal justice systems.

Tribal Nations

The Story of Federal Indian Law

This 60-minute documentary is a beautifully illustrated introductory history of how federal Indian law has developed in the United States and the impacts federal Policies have had on American Indian and Alaska Native people. 

Circle Peacemaking

Kake Film on Peace Making

The video — produced by the Organized Village of Kake — depicts the restoration of traditional methods of dispute resolution the Organized Village of Kake adopted Circle Peacemaking as its tribal court in 1999.

Access resources and tips on running a circle.

Alaska Tribes

The Story of Federal Indian Law in Alaska

Alaska Tribes journeyed on a unique path in the settlement of their aboriginal claims. This 55-minute documentary illustrates the history of that path and the impacts federal laws and policies have had on Alaska Native people.

Alaska Tribal Child Welfare Compact

Indian Child Welfare

The State of Alaska Department of Health & Social Services (DHSS), Office of Children’s Services (OCS) strongly supports the Indian Child Welfare (ICWA) and continues to build federal ICWA mandates into all levels of OCS Child Welfare. We continue to develop positive collaborative and communicative partnerships with all Native organizations and Alaska Native Tribal organizations.

Alaska Tribal Justice Resource Center

Training & Technical Assistance Support

731 East 8th Avenue Anchorage, AK 99501

This is a RurAL CAP affiliated program.

This project was supported by Grant No. 2019-IC-BX-K004 awarded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance. 

The Bureau of Justice Assistance is a component of the Department of Justice’s Office of Justice Programs, which also includes:  The Bureau of Justice Statistics, The National Institute of Justice, The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, The Office for Victims of Crime, and the SMART Office. 

Points of view or opinions in this document are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice.